Category Archives: Science

Perceptions of Belief in a Flat Earth


It’s a wonderful thing, the imagination of humankind. It has brought us the wonders of science and technology, the ideals of freedom and democracy, the inspiration to question, and the desire to help others, to name only a few positive … Continue reading

Posted in History, Lunar Exploration, Personal, Religion, Science | Tagged , , , , , | 4 Comments

Wednesday’s Book Review: “The Scientific Legacy of Fred Hoyle”


The Scientific Legacy of Fred Hoyle. Edited by Douglas Gough. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2005. Fred Hoyle was the astronomer nobody knows. One of the most interesting and provocative scientists in his field in the twentieth century, Hoyle made … Continue reading

Posted in Science, Space | Tagged , , , , , , , , , | 1 Comment

Beginning the Age of Satellite Communication: Echo 1, August 1960


I just spoke with a journalist about the Echo 1 communications satellite test that took place in August 1960. It’s interesting that this month marks the fifty-fifth anniversary of the world’s first communication satellite, but it is an anniversary that … Continue reading

Posted in Applications Satellites, History, Science, Space | Tagged , , , , | 5 Comments

Boarding the Spaceplane?


I posted this originally to the blog, “Above and Beyond,” on June 15, 2015. I thought I would reprint here. During the administration of President Ronald Reagan, senior government officials began to discuss the possibility of developing an “Orient Express,” … Continue reading

Posted in Space, History, Science, aeronautics, aviation | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

A Balance Sheet on All of the Landings on Mars


Since the beginning of the space age there have been 17 landings on the surface of Mars, some of which were not successful. Initially the Soviet Union carried out two attempted landings in 1971, Mars 2 and 3, but the … Continue reading

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Wednesday’s Book Review: “The Scientific Exploration of Mars”


The Scientific Exploration of Mars. By Frederic W. Taylor. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2010. V + 348 pages. Prologue, acknowledgments, notes, illustrations, appendices, index. ISBN: 978-0-521-82956-4. $45, hardcover. Mars has long held a special fascination for humans who pondered … Continue reading

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Recalling the First Vikings on Mars


The 20th of July marked the 39th anniversary of Viking 1’s touch down on Mars after a voyage of nearly one year, followed within a two months by Viking 2. The landings represented the culmination of a series of missions to … Continue reading

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Wednesday’s Book Review: “The Great Warming”


The Great Warming: Climate Change and the Rise and Fall of Civilizations. By Brian Fagan. New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2008. Is there anyone who is not familiar with the concept of global warming? Or, if one wants to use a less … Continue reading

Posted in History, Politics, Science | Tagged , , , | 1 Comment

“New Horizons” Reaches Pluto


The “New Horizons” spacecraft is a major NASA program to complete the initial exploration of all of the major bodies of the solar system. It was designed to help understand worlds at the edge of our Solar System by making the … Continue reading

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Governing Antarctica: A Continent Dedicated to Science or a Place of Geopolitical Rivalry?


In many respects, the history of cooperation and collaboration in Antarctic science mirrors the larger story of how the various great powers have interrelated since the conclusion of World War II. If one were to characterize it accurately throughout the … Continue reading

Posted in Earth Science, History, Science | Tagged , , , , , | 2 Comments